Culture seed shallot

Culture shallot | Buy seed potatoes by Garrigues Freres company

Shallots delights in light sandy soil.
It fears fresh manure, and during his maturity, moisture.
We must give him a proper compost and natural fertilizers.


Planting takes place from October to January for the shallot. For other varieties, we must plant them in February and March, except shallot in Tunisia. That are planted in April, when temperatures are milder.
It is recommended to space the bulbs of 12 to 15 cm on the line.  It is recommended to separate the lines of 25 cm minimum.
If the soil is moist, cultivation can be done on ridges (small earth mounds).


The harvest is usually done during the month of July until early August, when the leaves are completely dry.
He must tear the feet and let it dry 1 to 2 days outside on the ground. Except in rainy weather.
For storage, it is advisable to arrange on rack in a dry, cool place.

Insects and diseases

The fly plays a detrimental role because its larva, occurring between mid-April and late May, eats the hearts of pods rotting thereafter.
To remedy this problem, it is necessary to water 3 times a week with a tansy decoction during the aforementioned period and to tear and burn contaminated shots because the larvae move throughout the culture.

Shallots are vulnerable to bacterial diseases, pink root, the white rot, mildew, purple blotch and thrips.
To avoid or reduce these problems : do not plant shallots in soil that was used in previous years to the cultivation of other plants of the genus Allium. Plant only plants or suckers clean and healthy, and observed a healthy .
Fat is also a disease of the shallot, the leaves turn yellow and rot the bulbs in the growing season.
The solution is only preventive is to respect and good crop rotation and avoided fresh manure.